Shire of Moora
|Area||~3,767 square kilometres, located ~180 km north of Perth.|
|Towns||Miling, Moora and Watheroo|
|Average Temperature||Mean daily maximum temperature over 30 years 1990 – 2019
34.4°C (Jan) and 17.5°C (Jul).
|Annual Rainfall||Average annual rainfall over 30 years 1990 – 2019 419 mm (BoM 2020).|
|ABS Profile||Moora ABS profile|
|Shire Website||Shire of Moora|
Around 2,480 people live in the Shire of Moora, about 70% of whom (1,772 people) live in the town of Moora itself (ABS 2016).
The population in the Shire of Moora decreased by a little over 3% between the last census in 2011 and the most recent census in 2016, and is projected to decrease by a further 7.5% by 2031 (DPLH 2016).
Approximately 11% of residents of the Shire of Moora were born overseas and approximately 11% are of Aboriginal and / or Torres Strait Islander descent.
Estimates of the resident populations as at 30 June are released annually for Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Australia by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The estimates are generally revised 12 months later and final estimates are available after the following census. Visit the ABS website for further details.
The economy of the Shire of Moora depends primarily on broad acre agriculture and the services that support farming in the area. Local farming includes the production of cereal crops (wheat, canola, lupins, oats), horticultural crops, and livestock (primarily sheep). Proximity to interesting nature reserves such as New Norcia and Pinnacles make the region a popular tourist destination and tourism is a small but growing area of the economy in Moora.
The main land uses in the Shire of Moora are agriculture and nature conservation.
Watheroo National Park
The Watheroo National Park covers ~ 59 786 ha and at the boundary between the Shires of Coorow, Moora and Dandaragan. The national park contains Jingemia Cave, borders on Pinjarrega Nature Reserve and extends to the banks of the Moore River. Vegetation in the park is characterised by low sandplain heath and Banksia and Mallee thicket, and produces abundant displays of wildflowers in spring.
Namban Nature Reserve
The Namban Nature Reserve covers ~394 ha of salt lake habitat located north of Coomberdale.
Merewana Nature Reserve
The Merewana Nature Reserve covers ~54 ha and is located east of Watheroo.
Martinjinni Nature Reserve
The Martinjinni Nature Reserve covers ~338 ha and is located north of Miling and west of Dalwallinu.
Long Pool Nature Reserve
The Long Pool Nature Reserve covers ~92 ha and is located north east of Moora.
Karamarra Nature Reserve
The Karamarra Nature Reserve covers ~60 ha and is located near Lake Dalaroo just outside of Moora.
Jocks Well Nature Reserve
The Jocks Well Nature Reserve covers ~54 ha and is located east of Watheroo.
Gunyidi Nature Reserve
The Gunyidi Nature Reserve covers ~177 ha and is located between Gunyidi and Watheroo.
Doutha Soak Nature Reserve
The Doutha Soak Nature Reserve covers ~22 ha and is located east of Canna. The reserve forms part of the Yamatji conservation estate.
The underlying geology of the western portion of the shire is the Coolyena group, formed during the Mezoproterozoic era from sedimentary and volcanic rocks and comprised of chalk interspersed with greensand, glauconite, siltstone, sandstone and marl. The group includes the Poison Hill Greensand, Gingin Chalk , Molecap Greensand and Molecap formations. The underlying geology of the eastern portion of shire is the south west terrain of the Yilgarn Craton, comprised of igneous and metamorphic rocks formed during the Archean period.
The soils are deep sandy and siliceous soils, with non-alkaline sandy and loamy subsoil duplexes to the east. The landscape is hilly and characterised by ancient lake systems, low dunes and the alluvial plains associated with the Moore river catchment.
The shire is located within the Katanning (AVW02), Northern Jarrah Forest (JAF01) and Dandaragan Plateau (SWA01) IBRA sub-regions and is characterised by remnant Jarrah-Marri, York Gum, Salmon Gum and Banksia woodland. Several Threatened Ecological Communities are found in the region including the endangered Herbaceous Plant Assemblages on Bentonite Lakes, Coomberdale Chert Hills and Banksia Woodlands of the Swan Coastal Plain. The latter is listed as endangered under Australia’s national environment law. Banksia woodlands provide habitat for many native plant and remaining patches are important for wildlife corridors and refuges in a mostly fragmented landscape.
Jurien Groundwater Area
The Jurien Groundwater Area covers over 5,000 km2 of land and produces ~84 million m3 of available groundwater per year. Groundwater abstraction in the area is low and only 21% of groundwater resources are allocated. Large aquifers occur in the Parmelia and Leederville formations. The Superﬁcial formation is an important resource near the coast. Water quality is variable.
Drainage Basin Length (km) Catchment Area (km2) Average Stream Salinity (mg/L) Key Characteristics Moore-Hill 288 13,450 3000-35000 The Moore River’s eastern reaches (Moore River East) which originates near Dalwallinu, and northern reaches (Moore River North) commences east of Coorow. The major tributaries are the Coonderoo River and Gingin Brook. The Moore River enters the ocean at Guilderton and the estuary is only open to the ocean for a few weeks each year.