Shire of Gingin

Area ~84 km north of Perth and covers ~3,225 square kilometres.
Towns Gingin, Guilderton, Lancelin, Ledge Point and Seabird
Average Temperature Coastal: maximum of 29.9 °C in February and minimum of 9.9°C in July.
Annual Rainfall Annual rainfall of 590.9 mm. Inland areas generally experience lower rainfall, compared to southern areas (BoM, 2014).
ABS Profile Gingin ABS profile

Click features on the map for more information. View full page map

A total of 5,248  people reside in the Shire of Gingin (ABS 2014). This is the second largest population in the region, with the City of Greater Geraldton having the largest.

The Shire of Gingin is one of the fasting growing and developing LGA’s in Western Australia, experiencing a 9% growth rate between 2011-13.

The Shire of Gingin has a relatively diverse population with approximately 2.1% of the population having indigenous heritage, 31% being born overseas and 69% born in Australia.

Estimates of the resident populations as at 30 June are released annually for Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Australia by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The estimates are generally revised 12 months later and final estimates are available after the following census. Visit the ABS website for further details.

The economy of the Shire of Gingin is dominated by the agricultural industry, which accounts for ~ 42% of both business and land use. Manufacturing and transport are also major industries within the Shire, accounting for 8.9% and 3.1% (respectively) of local business (RPS, 2014).

Employment by sector (Service related industry, Retail related industry, Agriculture, fishing and forestry, Mining, Manufacturing, Construction, Other) is depicted in the chart below. Unemployment in the Shire is only 4.3%, well below the national average of 5.8%.

Regional reserves, rural residential, park and recreation, urban and agriculture dominate land use in the Shire of Gingin.

There are numerous priority conservation reserves within the Shire of Gingin and these include the Moore River National Park, Mogumber West Nature Reserve, Sapper road verge link, Bambanup Nature Reserve, Boonanarring Nature Reserve, Mogumber Nature Reserve, Nabaroo Nature Reserve, South Mimegarra Nature Reserve, Mochamulla Nature Reserve, Lake Wannamal Nature Reserve, Yeal Nature Reserve, Timaru Nature Reserve and Gingin Stock Route Nature Reserve.

Nature Reserves

  • Moore River National Park

    The Moore River National Park spans an area of 17,254 hectares and is situated in the Shire of Gingin. The Moore river meanders through the national park before reaching the Indian Ocean. The national park mainly consists of Banksia heathlands.

  • Mogumber Nature Reserve

    The Mogumber Nature Reserve is located in the Shire of Gingin and is classified as an International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Category Ia nature reserve. The nature reserve is an important habitat for the Western Swamp Tortoise.

  • Conservation reserves in the NAR

    To view all the reserves in the Northern Agricultural Region, visit the Land use theme page or view the nature reserve map.

The Shire of Gingin stretches from the coastline across the flat sandy soils of the Swan Coastal Plain in the west to the hinterland and foothills of the Darling Scarp to the east. The Shire embraces the lower reaches of the Moore River, together with a system of fresh water lakes and streams and the watercourse of the Gingin Brook and its tributaries.

The coastline of the Shire of Gingin is dominated by the Kockatea formation. It was formed in the Triassic period and consists of shale, minor siltstone, sandstone with deposits of calcareous and sandstone. Beekeepers Nature Reserve overlies the Lesueur Sandstone formation, which comprises very fine to very coarse quartz sandstone, with subordinate granule conglomerate and minor siltstone. Abutting the Lesueur Sandstone formation to the east is the Eneabba formation, which is inter-bedded with red-bed sandstone and siltstone. East of the Eneabba formation are a number of complex formations formed during the Jurassic period.

Please go to the below link for more information on soil and geology in the region go to the Geology and Soils page and check out the Geology Map and Soils Map.

Priority Fauna Species

 

IBRA Regions

  • Swan Coastal Plain subregion (Swan Coastal Plain 2)

    The Swan Coastal Plain is located in the southern LGAs. This subregion is dominated by Banksia and Tuart on sandy soils. Dominating the outwash plains of the region are Casuarina obesa, whilst paperbark typically dominates the swampy areas. In the east the Jarrah woodlands are dominant (Mitchell et. al., 2002).

  • Northern Jarrah Forest subregion (Jarrah Forest 1)

    The Northern Jarrah Forrest is located in the southern LGAs. This subregion is characterised by Jarrah- Marri Forest over lateritic gravel. Woodlands of Wandoo – Marri forest over clayey soils in the east. In areas of Mesozoic sediment exists Jarrah forests occurring with a variety of other flora species (Williams and Mitchell, 2001).

  • Dandaragan Plateau subregion (Swan Coastal Plain 1)

    The Dandaragan plateau is located in the southern LGAs of the NAR. This subregion is characterised by low woodlands of Banksia, Jarrah-Marri woodlands and scrub heath on laterite pavement and on gravelly sandplain (Desmond, 2001).

Threatened Ecological Communities

  • Shrublands and Woodlands on Muchea Limestone

    This Endangered community is located within the Shires of Gingin and Chittering, as is described on page 3 of Interim Recovery Report No. 57 as occurring on the heavy soils of the eastern side of the Swan Coastal Plain, with the following native species being common – Casuarina obesa, Eucalyptus decipiens, Eucalyptus foecunda, Melaleuca huegelii, Alyogyne huegelii var. huegelii, Grevillea curviloba ssp. incurva, Grevillea curviloba ssp. curviloba, Grevillea evanescens, Melaleuca acerosa and Thysanotus arenarius – reflecting the unusual mixture of limestone, clay and sandy soils.

    The main processes threatening the Muchea Limestone community are clearing (97% of vegetation in the area has been subject to clearing), and mining.

     

  • Perth to Gingin Ironstone Association

    Threatened Ecological Community – Shrublands and Woodlands on Perth to Gingin Ironstone of the Swan Coastal Plain.

    Description from the DoE Interim recovery plan no. 197 (pg 3):

    Plant community located on seasonally inundated ironstone and heavy clay soils. The community occurs on the eastern side of the Swan Coastal Plain. Typical and common native species are the shrubs Melaleuca viminea, Dryandra sessilis, Acacia saligna, Grevillea curviloba subsp. incurva, Kunzea aff. recurva, Jacksonia furcellata and the herbs Rhodanthe manglesii, Tribonanthes australis and Isotropis cuneifolia subsp. glabra. The following exotic species are also currently common: Romulea rosea, Briza maxima, Trifolium dubium, Spergula arvensis and Hesperantha falcata.

    The Declared Rare Flora Grevillea curviloba var. incurva occurs in the community. Five priority listed taxa also occur in the community, as follows: Isotropis cuneifolia subsp. glabra (Priority 2), Grevillea evanescens (P1), Haloragis tenuifolia (P3), Myriophyllum echinatum (P3) and Stylidium longitubum (P3).

    Current Status: Listed as Critically Endangered in WA, Endangered under the EPBC Act.

  • Melaleuca huegelii – Melaleuca systena shrublands of limestone ridges (SCP 26a)

    The Melaleuca huegelii – Melaleuca systena shrublands of limestone ridhes (Swan Coastal Plain Community type 26a) is listed as an Endangered Community that occurs only on shallow soils over limestone within the Shires of Wanneroo, Waroona and Gingin (with some occurrences within Yanchep National Park).

    Page 3 of Interim Recovery Plan No. 193 describes the community as comprising of  species rich thickets, heaths or scrubs dominated by Melaleuca huegelii, M. systena (previously M. acerosa), Dryandra sessilis over Grevillea preissii, Acacia lasiocarpa and Spyridium globulosum, occurring on skeletal
    soil on ridge slopes and ridge tops (community 26a as described by Gibson et al. 1994).

    The most significant threat to the Community is clearing for mining and urban expansion, along with an increase in the frequency of fires.

  • Banksia Woodlands of the Swan Coastal Plain: a nationally protected ecological community

    The Banksia Woodlands ecological community only occurs on or adjacent to the Swan Coastal Plain of Western Australia, which stretches to the north and south of Perth. The broader region—Southwest Australia—is recognised as one of only two global biodiversity hotspots in Australia.

    The ecological community provides habitat for many native plants and animals that rely on Banksia Woodlands for their homes and food. Remaining patches of the ecological community provide important wildlife corridors and refuges in a mostly fragmented landscape.

    The ecological community was listed as endangered under Australia’s national environment law, the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act), on 16 September.

    For more information about this ecological community visit the Department of Environment website.

  • Banksia attenuata woodland over species rich dense shrublands (SPC 20a)

    The Banksia attenuata woodland over species rich dense shrublands (SPC 20a) is a State listed Floristic Community that is a subgroup of the ‘type 20 woodlands’. SPC 20a is found on sandy soils and is reported to be the richest group of any of the Banksia communities recorded (with an average species richness of 67.4 species per site), low weed frequency, a distinctive diverse shrub layer, and the occurrence of Mesomelaena pseudostygia, Alexgeorgea nitens, Daviesia nudiflora, Synaphea spinulosa, Hibbertia racemosa and  Stylidium calcaratum (DEC, 2012).

  • *Claypans with mid dense shrublands of Melaleuca lateritia over herbs

    Classified as Claypans of the Swan Coastal Plain under EPBC Act.

    Category (WA) – Priority 1

    For more information see the Clay pans of the Swan Coastal Plain – Interim Recovery Plan No. 354 (DPaW2015).

Priority Ecological Communities

Priority Ecological Communities

Priority coastal areas within the Shire of Gingin include the Ledge Point Foreshore, the Guilderton to Seabird dues and coastal vegetation.

Priority marine areas within the Shire of Gingin include the Wedge Island Area, Turquoise Coast Islands Nature Reserve and Jurien Bay Marine Park.

Coastal Assets

  • Primary and Secondary Coastal Dunes

    Primary dunes (from low water mark) and secondary dunes. Valued for recreational, aesthetic and cultural reasons, along with the services provided for storm protection  and habitat.

Marine Assets

  • Seagrass Meadows

    Seagrasses are flowering plants that complete their life cycle submerged in seawater. Western Australia has the world’s highest diversity of seagrasses, with 27 species occurring in shallow waters off the coast. Seagrasses form a vital component of marine ecosystems through their services as primary biomass producers, sources of habitat (including breeding and nursery areas) and dissolved oxygen, sediment traps, and nutrient cycling. Seagrass distribution is determined by a combination of shelter, sediment, turbidity, nutrient, temperature, current and tidal influences.

    Extensive seagrass meadows occur in protected near-shore areas of the NAR, where clear water, low nutrients and sandy sea floors prevail, and are dominated by the long strap-like Ribbonweed or Strapweed (Posidonia spp) and the thin-stemmed Wireweed (Amphibolis spp).

    Seagrass habitats are fragile and susceptible to damage and can take many years to recover from disturbance, such as physical damage/removal and shading due to algal blooms (as a result of increased nutrients), and sedimentation (due to dredging activities and erosion in catchment areas).

    More information on seagrasses in Western Australia can be found in the following publications: Flowers of the Ocean: WA’s Expansive Seagrass MeadowsThe Wonders of Weed Information Sheet; Fisheries Fact Sheet: Seagrasses; Establishing Reference and Monitoring Sites to Assess a Key Indicator of Ecosystem Health (Seagrass Health) on the central west Coast of Western Australia (see references).

     

Groundwater Areas

  • Gnangara Groundwater Area

    Gnangara Groundwater System plan area is bounded by the Moore River and Gingin Brook River to the north and the Swan River in the south. The Groundwater Area spans over an area of 2,200 square kilometres. Groundwater replenishment of the Gnangara Area is dependent upon rainfall. The Gnangara groundwater systems is made up of four types of aquifers including the Superficial Aquifer, Mirrabooka Aquifer, Leederville Aquifer and Yarragadee North Aquifer. A study on the current condition of these aquifers indicates that there has been substantial decline in groundwater levels observed between 1998 to 2006 in the coastal areas including Guilderton. The decline in groundwater levels is due to a decline in rainfall, increase uptake of groundwater and the Gnangara Pine plantation (DoW, 2014)

    Visit Gnangara Groundwater Systems for more information.

  • Gingin Groundwater Area

    The Gingin Groundwater Area spans over 6,000 km2 of land and has a total groundwater availability of around 207 million m3/year. Usage in the area is high, with 72 per cent of resources allocated (NACC, 2005). Groundwater is generally fresh except in most aquifers along the Darling Scarp in the east, and in the Yarragadee aquifer in the coastal area south of Lancelin. The aquifers containing the largest volumes of accessible groundwater are found within the Superficial, Leederville, Leederville-Parmelia and Yarragadee formations and it is noted that the Leederville and Parmelia formations are currently substantially over allocated (DoW, 2013).

    For information on the allocation plan click here.

Rivers

  • Moore River

    Drainage Basin Length (km) Catchment Area (km2) Average Stream Salinity (mg/L) Key Characteristics
    Moore-Hill 288 13,450 3000-35000 The Moore River’s eastern reaches (Moore River East) which originates near Dalwallinu, and northern reaches (Moore River North) commences east of Coorow. The major tributaries are the Coonderoo River and Gingin Brook. The Moore River enters the ocean at Guilderton and the estuary is only open to the ocean for a few weeks each year.
  • Gingin Brook

    Drainage Basin Length (km) Catchment Area (km2) Average Stream Salinity (mg/L) Key Characteristics
    Moore-Hill 46 1,370 < 1000 Gingin Brook is the only remaining freshwater creek passing over the Swan Coastal Plain. It has almost permanent flow since it is fed by springs as well as general groundwater.

    For information on the allocation plan click here.

Wetlands

  • Lancelin Defence Training Area

    This is part of a regionally significant group, the Bassendean group, and is recognised for its conservational values. Due to its proximity to surrounding nature reserves and national parks and the large area of freshwater wetlands on the site, it is likely to support a relatively high diversity of wetland biota.

  • Chandala Swamp

    This wetland supports forty-two species of waterbirds and ranks in the top 4% of wetlands for number of species

Friends of Lancelin Coast Inc.

Contact: John Hatch
Work PO Box 122 Lancelin WA 6044 Phone: 08 9655 2060 Website: www.folc.org.au

Friends of Moore River Estuary Inc

Website: www.savemooreriver.org

Gingin Water Group Inc.

Contact: David Rickson
Cell Phone: 0427612918 Website: www.ginginwater.org.au

Guilderton Community Association

Ledge Point Coastcare Group

Contact: Jan Richards

Lower Moore River Working Group Inc

Home P.O. Box 1003 Guilderton WA 6041 Australia Website: www.lowermooreriver.org.au

Moore Catchment Council

Work P.O. Box 337 Moora WA 6510 AustraliaWork 1 Padbury Street Moora WA 6510 Australia Phone: 08 9653 1355 Website: www.moorecatchment.org.au

Northern Agricultural Catchments Council

Work Geraldton Office 201 Lester Avenue PO Box 7168 Geraldton WA 6530 Work Perenjori Office Corner of Fowler Street and Timmings Street PO Box 95 Perenjori WA 6620 Work Jurien Bay Office 69 Bashford Street PO Box 872 Jurien Bay WA 6516 Phone: (08) 9938 0100 (Geraldton) Phone: (08) 9973 1444 (Perenjori) Phone: (08) 9652 0872 (Jurien Bay) Website: NACC Website
 | Size: 1st Apr 2013 Quantifying the cost of climate change impacts on local government assets  | Size: 1st Sep 2013 Data & Information Gap Analysis for Coastal Hazard & Risk Management  | Size: 1st Mar 2012 The coast of the Shires of Gingin and Dandaragan, Western Australia: Geology, Geomorphology and Vulnerability  | Size: 3 MB 20th Apr 2016 Fairy Tern Conservation Strategy Mid West Coastal Region Western Australia  | Size: 1 MB 1st Sep 2014 Coastal hazard risk management and adaptation planning guidelines  | Size: 2 MB 11th Nov 2015 Fairy Tern Conservation  | Size: 2 MB 1st Jun 2012 Local Action for a Low Carbon Future  | Size: 28th May 2014 Managing Natural Biodiversity in the Western Australian Wheatbelt  | Size: 29th Jul 2014 South West Wetlands Monitoring Program Report 1977 – 2012  | Size: 4th Sep 2015 Gingin Groundwater Allocation Plan  | Size: 10th Apr 2014 Central Coast Sub-Regional Economic Strategy  | Size: 21st Sep 2015 Wetlands of the Swan Coastal Plain - volume 2b  | Size: 334 KB 17th Dec 2007 Wetlands of the Swan Coastal Plain - volume 2a  | Size: 27th Oct 2014 Geology of the Northern Perth Basin, WA (field guide)  | Size: 27th Oct 2014 Stratigraphy and Structure of the Onshore Northern Perth Basin  | Size: 100 B 26th Aug 2014 Integrated Weed Management Hub  | Size: 4th Sep 2015 The Hydrology of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems in the Northern Perth Basin  | Size: 21st Sep 2015 Gingin Surface Water Allocation Plan - April 2011  | Size: 3rd Jun 2014 Gingin Off-Road Vehicle Information  | Size: 22 MB 28th Nov 2014 Biodiversity Assessment and Vegetation Mapping of the Northern Agricultural Region, Western Australia (2005)
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